Corzine Lived Up to Risk-Taking Reputation at MF Global Before Bankruptcy
By Roben Farzad and Matthew Leising – Nov 3, 2011
In his 24-year career at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS), Jon Corzine made a name for himself as an intrepid trader who pushed the limits of risk.
… intrepid trader = trader tanpa rasa takut …
So it makes sense that when Corzine, after almost a decade as a U.S. senator and governor, was named chairman and chief executive officer of MF Global Holdings Ltd. (MF) in March, 2010, his plan for expanding the futures and commodities trader involved taking more risk, Bloomberg Businessweek reports in its Nov. 7 issue. Less than 20 months later, the company is bankrupt, days after posting a $192 million quarterly loss and disclosing $6.3 billion in bets on European government bonds.
… sang pemberani KEMBALI KE PANGGUNG BURSA PORTOFOLIO, dan 20 BULAN KEMUDIAN perusahaannya BANGKRUT …
“This goes back to the myth of Goldman people being the best risk takers,” says Janet Tavakoli, who once worked at Goldman Sachs and is now president of Tavakoli Structured Finance, a Chicago-based firm that advises institutional investors.
… bukti lagi: MITOS bahwa ORANG GOLDMAN SACCHS hebat di TRADING portofolio …
Wall Street applauded Corzine’s appointment. MF Global shares rose 15 percent the week his hiring was announced.
“It was like, ‘Here’s Jon Corzine: very connected, very successful ex-Goldman guy. Take him at his word that he’s going to build a world-class, full-service investment bank,’” said Rob Rutschow, an analyst at investment bank CLSA.
… awal kembalinya, SEMUA ORANG MEMUJI-MUJINYA …
And Corzine struck a statesman-like chord on taking the job. “MF Global is a firm with tremendous potential and excellent talent,” he said. “Profitability and responsibility must go hand in hand with growing our franchise.”
… PEDE AJA karena PROFITABILITAS sudah PASTI JALAN BERBARENGAN dengan PERTUMBUHAN USAHAnya …
Yet the bankruptcy exposed a lack of internal controls. The day it filed for Chapter 11 protection, New York-based MF Global disclosed a shortfall in customer accounts that people with knowledge of the matter said may be about $700 million.
… ternyata DUIT NASABAH LENYAP, pengawasan internal TIDAK BERJALAN BAIK …
On Nov. 1, a lawyer for MF Global told a bankruptcy judge that all customer money has been accounted for. That same day, Craig Donohue, CEO of CME Group, which has regulatory authority over MF Global, said the company violated requirements that it keep clients’ collateral separate from its own accounts.
… DANA NASABAH TIDAK TERPISAH DARI DANA PERUSAHAAN, itu PELANGGARAN berat …
“We are investigating the circumstances of the firm’s failure,” he said. Corzine didn’t respond to requests for comment.
While Corzine is known for making aggressive bets, at Goldman Sachs he had to operate within a larger, more cautious corporate culture because partners’ own capital was on the line. At MF Global, Corzine had fewer people looking over his shoulder.
… GOLDMAN SACHS JAUH LEBE SEHAT dalam hal pengawasan internal dibandingkan dengan MF Global, tentu saja …
“MF Global was a case of, ‘Ratchet up the risk. Let us Goldman guys fix this,’” said William D. Cohan, author of “Money and Power: How Goldman Sachs Came to Rule the World” and a contributor to Bloomberg View.
Stuck With Trades
At Goldman Sachs, Corzine was known for having the nerve to stick with his trades even when they seemed doomed. In 1986, he was responsible for a bet on Treasuries that was losing $150 million, according to several published reports. For five months he refused to cut his losses and ultimately made the firm $10 million when the market changed course.
… pengalaman sang trader @GS: 1986, pernah alami rugi potensial $150 Jt, tetap bertahan, lalu malah laba realisasi $10 Jt karena pasar berbalik arah …
In 1994, traders working for Corzine were losing $100 million a month on bad interest-rate wagers, according to Cohan’s book, prompting several partners to depart. Corzine again resisted calls to stanch the losses, which contributed to pretax profit plunging 80 percent that year. Even so, by Christmas he was running all of Goldman Sachs.
… pada 1994, sekale lage pengalaman rugi besar dialaminya, dan juga dengan anjloknya laba sebelum pajak 80%, tapi dia tetap menguasai GS …
“I could never figure out why out of that be became senior partner,” said Cohan. “He’s the only guy who became head of Goldman who makes me scratch my head.”
In January 1995, at a management meeting, Corzine challenged fellow partners to take more risk with the firm’s own capital and to lift Goldman Sachs’s profits to $2 billion a year for the next five years, according to Cohan.
“You can’t achieve the kinds of returns we want just by buying on the bid and selling on the offer,” Corzine told Institutional Investor magazine in September 1995.
Goldman Sachs rode a lucrative wave of mergers and acquisitions and winning trades in the ‘90s bull market. Then in mid-1998 came Russia’s financial crisis.
The bank suffered $1 billion in trading losses in the ensuing global stock and bond sell-off and failure of hedge fund Long-Term Capital Management. By the end of the year, Corzine was pushed out of Goldman Sachs by Henry Paulson, who had been co-CEO for six months and later served as Treasury secretary.
… 1995, sang trader berhasil membujuk penggunaan dana sebesar $1 Milyar untuk berbagai aksi korporasi pada saat pasar sedang bullish, sehingga mampu mencetak laba gede… tapi 1998, datang lah krisis Rusia, GS rugi $1 Milyar akibat rugi dalam trading, sang trader akhirnya dipecat …
Risk taking is not confined to Corzine’s financial career. At least $400 million richer from Goldman Sachs’s 1999 initial public offering, he spent $60 million of his own money on a successful bid for a U.S. Senate seat in New Jersey, which he then parlayed into his 2005 election as governor.
‘Should Be Dead’
In April 2007, he was critically injured in a car crash north of Atlantic City while being driven in an SUV going 90 mph. He wasn’t wearing a seat belt. In a public service announcement recorded after the accident, he said, “I’m New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine, and I should be dead.”
After losing his 2009 gubernatorial re-election bid to Chris Christie, Corzine returned to Wall Street.
J. Christopher Flowers, a friend and former Goldman Sachs banker who had a stake in MF Global, recruited Corzine to transform the small futures and commodities dealer into a full- service broker. That would mean taking greater risks by having the company make more and bigger bets with its own capital.
… 2009, sang trader kembali ke bursa amrik, yang oleh perekrutnya dimaksudkan untuk mengubah sebuah perusahaan kecil menjadi broker purna layanan, berarti butuh modal lebe GEDE …
As recently as May, a company announcement touted “significant sales and trading hires” from rival banks, including new heads of mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities sales and a head of equity derivatives sales.
Risk taking began to account for a greater share of the company’s revenue. In reporting results for the quarter ended in June 2011, MF Global said that revenue from trading with the firm’s own money and from taking the other side of client trades rose to 42 percent of sales, from 23 percent a year earlier.
Rutschow, the CLSA analyst, not convinced the brokerage was moving in the right direction, put a “sell” rating on the shares when they traded at $8 a year ago.
Juni 2011: laporan usaha menyatakan laba, tapi analis bursa ada yang menyatakan TIDAK YAKIN dengan laporan keuangan tersebut …
“You were looking at a company with so little capital taking on billions in risks,” he said.
Sean Egan, managing director of credit rating-firm Egan- Jones Ratings, said MF Global had put itself in a perilous position: It was using so much borrowed money to make investments that a mere 2.5 percent fall in the value of its assets could bankrupt the company. The day before announcing its record quarterly loss, MF disclosed it owned $6.3 billion of bonds issued by Ireland, Italy, Spain, Belgium, and Portugal.
… pemeringkat kredit menyatakan bahwa perusahaan sang trader telah melakukan PEMINJAMAN yang KETERLALUAN BESARNYA, yaitu $6,3 Milyar surat utang negara Irlandia, Spanyol, Belgia, dan Portugal (sebagian negara yang tergabung dalam singkatan PIIGS tersohor itu) …
After MF Global’s announcement, other banks, hedge funds, and even its own clients stopped dealing with the company. MF Global’s board met through the weekend of Oct. 30 to consider options including a sale, a person with direct knowledge of the situation said.
… setelah pengumuman tersebut, maka semua pihak terkait LANGSUNG MEMATIKAN KERAN KOMUNIKASI KEUANGAN dengan perusahaan tersebut …
The firm was in discussions with five potential buyers for all or parts of the company, including banks, private-equity firms, and brokers. Discrepancies over the client funds sent Interactive Brokers Group fleeing from a potential acquisition.
… sang trader berusaha mencari pembeli usahanya, tapi ada yang tau bahwa dana nasabah telah digelapkan, sehingga yang tau hal itu membatalkan niat pembelian …
“The board certainly considered that purchase and stepped away from it at a point where it became clear there were lots of uncertainties about the accounts and segregated funds,” said Hans R. Stoll, an Interactive Brokers director and professor of finance at Vanderbilt University.
With Corzine unable to find a buyer, MF Global filed for protection from creditors on Oct. 31. With $41 billion in assets, it was the eighth-largest U.S. bankruptcy ever and may well mark the end of Corzine’s investing career.
… gagal lah sudah usaha mencari pembeli, maka usaha dimasukkan dalam peraturan PERLINDUNGAN KEBANGKRUTAN (Chapter 11)
“Ironically, it was his misjudgments of major trades which have been highly costly to both Goldman and now MF,” said Egan. “We have seen this before: Traders fall in love with their trades and have little ability to take a measured, dispassionate view.”
… sang trader TANPA RASA TAKUT TELAH MENGORBANKAN dua usaha finansial: GS dan MF Global: trader jatuh cinta dengan permaenan tradingnya dan TIDAK MAMPU membuat pandangan risiko TERUKUR lage
… well, gw sebagai trader uda mencari laba dan maseh tetap menjaring laba sejak April 2009 … kayanya gw maseh sehat wal a fiat dan tetap sejahtera karena DIVERSIFIKASI, tidak maen saham MUTLAK-MUTLAKAN … awalnya gw YAKIN dengan saham bumi, tetapi sejak DIJUAL KEPADA cic PADA Oktober 2009, gw semakin MENJAUHI saham ini dan gw SAMA SEKALI TIDAK TERPENGARUH BELI 7 SAHAM BAKRIE LAENNYA (enrg, dewa, unsp, elty, bnbr, bmrs) … tapi gw tetap punya sedikit saham bumi karena menarik untuk ditradingkan secara harian 🙂